Global #EveryDayCounts campaign targets Bangladesh Embassies
Since December, over 35 trade unionist leaders, organisers and workers have been arrested and detained for taking part in protests.
The call for action has been issued after weeks of intense anti-union repression by the government and factory owners following a non-violent work stoppage by hundreds of workers in Ashulia - an industrial area close to the capital Dhaka - to demand an immediate tripling of the minimum wage. Bangladesh garment workers remain the lowest paid garment workers in the world, and have not received a pay rise in over three years, despite soaring inflation in the cost of basic goods.
Sam Maher from Clean Clothes Campaign says: “This is the biggest set back for the garment industry since the collapse of Rana Plaza in 2013 and might cause the Bangladesh government to loose their key export market. Its not possible to talk of a safe or sustainable industry in Bangladesh when even peaceful attempts to ask for workplace improvements are met with such disproportionate violence and repression. Garment workers in Bangladesh have the unequivocal right to organize and must be paid a living wage on which they can survive.”
Anti union repression has dramatically increased over recent weeks, impacting on workers and unions across the country. The latest arrests took place on Friday February 10, when nine members of the Bangladesh Independent Garment Worker Union Federation (BIGUF), including senior leaders of the organization, were arrested in in Chittagong, a port city hundreds of kilometres away from Ashulia. These arrests come on top of at least 24 arrests of trade union activists and workers in December and January, the filing of charges against hundred of “unknown” workers and the mass dismissals of over 1,500 workers. Factories supplying for major high street brands including H&M, Inditex (Zara/Bershka), VF (North Face) and Gap have been involved in both the filing of criminal charges and the arbitrary dismissals of hundreds of workers.
The arrests have been accompanied by a widespread crackdown on the legitimate organising work of the most active and independent trade union federations in the country. Police has vandalised and closed down union offices, and stolen equipment and union documents. Events organised by union have been raided by the police, including events sponsored by the US government and the ILO. Key union leaders are publicly harassed in the press, and union activists continue to be intimidated by the security services. Where trade union offices remain open, heavy police surveillance renders them inaccessible to workers, at a time when advice and support to protect their rights is most needed.
Although the latest events represent a new low for the industry, Bangladesh unions have always had to operate within along standing atmosphere of anti union repression. The International Labour Organisation has repeatedly condemned the failure of the Bangladesh government to implement laws that will bring Bangladesh in line with international standards and the EU and US government have regularly called on Bangladesh to comply with its obligations under international human and labour rights conventions. So far these attempts at diplomatic pressure have failed to produce the required change, and stronger action is now required from the international community. In light of this activists are calling on the EU to do more to demonstrate its commitment to a more sustainable industry by launching and immediate investigation into the failure of the Bangladesh government to deliver on the human rights commitments on which its trade access under the Everything But Arms programme is based.
Sam Maher: “For too long the international community has sat at the sidelines ineffectively wringing its hands while workers continue to be exploited. The major brands and retailers and the European Union need to stop being complicit in this abuse and start taking meaningful action to make sure the Bangladesh government drops the charges against those that are still detained. And immediately stops the repression of legitimate union activity.”